Tag Archives: Enterovirus 68

100 Paralyzed Children, Each a Mystery

Since August, more than 100 children across the country have developed a condition best described in three words no parent ever wants to hear: mysterious, sudden paralysis.

The kids have a median age of 8, and three-quarters of them were previously perfectly healthy. For most, the loss of feeling occurred only on one side of the body.

According to the CDC, in most of the children the paralysis coincided with a nasty cold. That made health workers initially think that the paralysis was caused by a rare virus called enterovirus D68. EV-D68, as it’s known, is a severe respiratory virus that was going around at the start of school last year, and because it’s a relative of polio, it was thought to be causing the polio-like loss of muscle function.

 

But now, researchers aren’t so sure. Of the 71 paralyzed children whose cerebrospinal fluid was tested, none came back positive for enterovirus. The virus has been found in nasal swabs taken from some of the paralyzed children, but researchers say that doesn’t indicate as strong of a link as the spinal fluid would have. Researchers at Children’s Hospital Colorado are currently attempting to determine whether the children suffering from paralysis have elevated levels of enterovirus 68 antibodies.

 

Mary Anne Jackson, chief of infectious diseases at Children’s Mercy Hospital and one of the first doctors to recognize enterovirus D68, said her hospital has had three cases of paralysis. None of the paralyzed kids had enterovirus D68, however, and none of the hospital’s 300 patients who had confirmed enterovirus D68 later became paralyzed.

 

“Right now we have two scenarios and we have no idea how they’re related,” Jackson told me.

Nationally, only one of the paralyzed children has fully recovered, and about two-thirds have gotten slightly better.

The existence of an unknown paralytic disease is frightening, but the CDC points out it’s yet another reason for parents to get kids up-to-date on vaccinations:

“Although the specific causes of this illness are still under investigation, and causal relationship to EV-D68 has not yet been substantiated,” the agency said in a statement, “being up to date on all recommended vaccinations is essential to prevent a number of severe diseases.”

 

This article was originally published at http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/02/100-cases-of-child-paralysis-all-a-mystery/385323/?UTM_SOURCE=yahoo

Re: Ebola and other life threatening virus’

 

 

 

I do not know how well any of you are following the health news day to day but it has not been good for quite a while now.

I previously wrote a story concerning the 1918 “Flu Pandemic” which as it turns out was biological warfare.  The reason I was

so interested in the subject is that my Grandmother, whom I never had the chance to meet, died in 1919 of the “Flu Pandemic”.

I did not come to be until 1960.  My Father was 18 month’s old when she succumb to this horrible “Flu”.

 

EBOLA has been unleashed, by whatever means – either naturally  or the planned demise of yet another group of people – and “it”,

like the killer virus of 1918 knows no boundary’s.  

There are also other virus’ on the rise which are a real threat as well.  The main three are:

EBOLA Virus

Enterovirus 68

Marbergs Virus

This is a very serious situation and I hope everyone is paying close attention and planning to take appropriate precautions when

deemed necessary.

A “facebook friend” of mine named Moses N. lives in Uganda, Africa.  After not having heard from him for a while I sent him a message

to see how things were.  The reply was:

October 2nd, 6:54am

hi sweelie how are you

STILL ALIVE – DONT FEEL GREAT – WORRYING ABOUT THIS EBOLA THING GOING ON…ITS HERE IN THE US NOW.

stay safe sweet love u so much

THANKS U TOO – WE WILL KEEP IN TOUCH AS LONG AS WE CAN.. SEND ME MESS EACH DAY.

i will dia

Friday 2:42pm

Hey, just checking on you over there….Ebola??? It’s not looking good from any side. Other stuff going on too. Please stay safe – take care of yourself and as many as you can….Peace/Luv

9 hours ago

hi

THERE you are!

You doing alright over there?

Are YOU SICK????

I saw your status update – please mess me so i know your still with us! Much Love to you and all…

Chat Conversation End

(Mose’s highlighted in yellow)

Note that the last thing he said to me was “hi”… This is NOT his usual way of greeting me as you can see from a previous conversation…

The most heart wrenching was his status which reads: 

Moses Nkangi

11 hrs ·

maberg is now here in uganda.Ebola is on the door knocking banange stop shaking hands to each other (broken english)

I have not gotten any further messages from him and have been watching to see if he is o.k.

 

So there it is, straight from Uganda to me – Marberg is there and so is Ebola – what next?

Please join me in saying a prayer to your creator for these people in their (and our) hour of need.

 

DO NOT TAKE THIS LIGHTLY!     IT COULD HAPPEN TO YOU!

 

EBOLA on Wikipedia

Marbergs on Wikipedia

Enterovirus68 on Wikipedia

1918 Flu Pandemic on Wikipedia

Now look at these related articles:

2002 American Medical Association study concludes Ebola and Marberg best bio-weapons choice for use against populace

Mathematics of the Ebola outbreak reveal near-impossibility of global containment: it’s already too late

Have ‘FEMA coffins’ been stockpiled to meet CDC requirements for disposing of bodies during a pandemic?

The man who discovered Ebola on why this epidemic spiraled out of control

Ebola outbreak may already be uncontrollable; Monsanto invests in Ebola treatment drug company as pandemic spreads

 

Be aware and be prepared!  What is actually going on is usually not reported on the evening news!

 

smk.

First Ebola case diagnosed in the US

Patient who recently returned from Liberia tested positive at a hospital in Dallas, Texas, health officials say.

Last updated: 01 Oct 2014 00:57

A patient being treated at a Dallas hospital has tested positive for Ebola, the first case of the disease to be diagnosed in the United States, federal health officials announced.

Officials at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital said the unidentified patient is being kept in isolation and that the hospital is following Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendations to keep doctors, staff and patients safe.

The patient is a Liberian national who was admitted on Sunday, a government official told Al Jazeera.

The hospital had announced a day earlier that the patient’s symptoms and recent travel indicated a case of Ebola, the virus that has killed more than 3,000 people across West Africa and infected a handful of Americans who have traveled to that region.

Infographic: Just how deadly is Ebola?

Thomas Frieden, director of the CDC, held a news conference at the centre’s headquarters in Atlanta late on Tuesday.

“The infected person came from Liberia on September 19 and began to develop symptoms on September 24. He first sought care on the 26th of September and on the 28th was admitted in Texas,” Frieden said.

“Blood samples tested positive for Ebola… The Ebola test is highly accurate,” Frieden said, adding: “There is no doubt in my mind that we will stop it here (in the US).”

The CDC has said 12 other people in the US have been tested for Ebola since July 27. Those tests came back negative.

Under observation

Four American aid workers who have become infected while volunteering in West Africa have been treated in special isolation facilities in hospitals in Atlanta and Nebraska, and a US doctor exposed to the virus in Sierra Leone is under observation in a similar facility at the National Institutes of Health.

The US has only four such isolation units but the CDC has insisted that any hospital can safely care for someone with Ebola.

According to the CDC, Ebola symptoms can include fever, muscle pain, vomiting and bleeding, and can appear as long as 21 days after exposure to the virus.

Jason McDonald, spokesman for the CDC, said health officials use two primary guidelines when deciding whether to test a person for the virus.

“The first and foremost determinant is have they traveled to the region (of West Africa),” he said.

The second is whether there’s been proximity to family, friends or others who’ve been exposed, he said.

US health officials have been preparing since summer in case an individual traveler arrived here unknowingly infected, telling hospitals what infection-control steps to take to prevent the virus from spreading in health facilities.

People boarding planes in the outbreak zone are checked for fever, but symptoms can begin up to 21 days after exposure.

Ebola is not contagious until symptoms begin, and it takes close contact with bodily fluids to spread.

Source:  Al Jazeera and agencies

CDC: Respiratory illnesses up to 277 confirmed cases in 40 states

USA Today Network Jolie Lee, USA TODAY Network 1:12 p.m. EDT September 29, 2014

AP_Children_Virus_Paralysis

The number of confirmed cases of an uncommon respiratory illness has increased to 277 in 40 states and the District of Columbia, affecting mostly children, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

First identified 50 years ago, Enterovirus 68 or EV-D68 was rarely tested for and only began getting attention last month as hundreds of cases were linked to the virus.

“The severity is what triggered our concern,” said Mark Pallansch, director of the CDC’s Division of Viral Diseases.

The mild symptoms are similar to the common cold, but can progress into wheezing, problems breathing and paralysis.

The CDC is investigating whether nine cases in Colorado of children with muscle weakness or paralysis are linked to the virus. The nine children had respiratory illness about two weeks before they experienced varying degrees of limb weakness, the Associated Press reports.

The CDC says lab results for EV-D68 — not to be confused with the Ebola virus — do not indicate how widespread the cases are in each state. The health agency and a handful of state public health are working through a backlog of “multiple hundreds” of specimens, with more coming in, Pallansch said.

So far, about half of the specimens the labs have tested have come back positive for EV-D68 and the number of confirmed cases is likely to grow nationwide as the testing continues, according to the CDC.

Last year, there were no more than a dozen confirmed cases of the virus, but mainly because not as many cases were tested, Pallansch said.

“These increases will not necessarily reflect changes in real time, or mean that the situation is getting worse,” according to the CDC.

Infants, children and teens are most at risk to get sick, especially children with asthma and the reason for the current outbreak is not completely understood, Pallansch said. Currently, there is no vaccine, he added.

The treatment is focused on improving the patients’ “ability to uptake oxygen,” but there is no antiviral for people with EV-D68, he said.

“A lot of this is still under investigation, and these investigations can take weeks,” Pallansch said.

HOW WIDESPREAD IS EV-D68?

The CDC was first notified Aug. 19 of 19 patients in Kansas City, Mo., and a few days later of 11 patients in Chicago. Since then, reported cases have not been confined to the Midwest.

D68-photo-graphic_One[1]

States with lab-confirmed EV-D68, as of Friday(Photo: Janet Loehrke, USA TODAY)

• In the nine cases in Colorado of muscle weakness or paralysis, the virus was detected in four out of eight sick children who had a specific medical test. The status of the ninth test unclear, the Associated Press reports. All nine are being treated at Children’s Hospital Colorado in Aurora.

That hospital has treated more than 2,500 children for severe respiratory illnesses from mid-August to mid-September, with nearly 10% admitted for hospital stays, said Ann-Christine Nyquist, medical director of infection prevention and control at the hospital, in an interview with the American Academy of Family Physicians.

The CDC confirmed 19 of 25 specimens from the hospital tested positive for EV-D68, as of Sept. 15, Nyquist told AAFP.

• In Texas, 10 cases have been confirmed in Dallas County and one in Denton County, reports WFAA-TV.

“It is taking us three-to-four times longer to break the wheezing,” said Jim Allard, director of pediatric services at Medical City Children’s Hospital in Dallas, in an interview with the station.

• In New Jersey, about 30 children have been hospitalized at Jersey Shore University Medical Center in Neptune since mid-September, reports The Asbury Park Press.

But many improved “dramatically within several days,” said Steven Kairys, chairman of pediatrics at the medical center. As of Thursday, the CDC had confirmed one case of the virus but is testing dozens more in the state, the Asbury Park Press reports.

Last week, a 4-year-old boy in Hamilton, N.J., died of an unidentified respiratory illness, but it’s unclear yet if EV-D68 can be blamed for the death, reports The Times of Trenton.

Contributing: The Associated Press

Follow @JolieLeeDC on Twitter.

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